We have not yet enjoyed the benefits of Web3 and some have already jumped to Web5. The world of technology is constantly evolving and the Web, not surprisingly, is no exception. Like Web3, Web5 also promises to redefine the future of the Web. Web5’s mission is to change the way we interact with the Internet, offering unprecedented levels of speed, security, and flexibility.
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To do this, Web5 seeks to perfectly integrate virtual reality on the Web, Artificial Intelligence, and data modularization and decentralization mechanisms, which allow the construction of much more responsive, semantic, customizable, secure, and private Web platforms. In this way, Web5 aims to make our online experiences more immersive than ever.
What is Web5?
Like Web3, Web5 would be a decentralized web that seeks to return power and control to users over their data and identity. To do this, it is based on three fundamental pillars: decentralized identifiers (DIDs), verifiable credentials (VCs) and decentralized web nodes (DWNs).
DIDs are proprietary identifiers that allow users to authenticate and route their IDs without relying on a centralized provider. DIDs are unique, persistent, and resolvable through cryptographic protocols that guarantee their integrity and authenticity. These elements are described in the current Web standards that can be seen on W3.
VCs or verifiable credentials are digital documents that contain statements about a subject or an entity verified by a trusted issuer. VCs allow users to present and demonstrate their attributes or qualifications without revealing more information than necessary, or relying on an intermediary.
This is also a standard described by the W3. Finally, DWNs are distributed nodes that store encrypted personal data and relay messages between authorized users using shared cryptographic keys. DWNs make it easy for users to access their data from anywhere, without geographic or political restrictions.
The combination of these three elements gives rise to a more secure, private and free Web for users, where they are the owners of their data and identities and can interact with others directly, without intermediaries or barriers. Without a doubt, the structure is very similar to what we can see in current blockchain technology. In fact, blockchain and Web5 can complement each other, allowing interoperability and decentralization in both cases.
democratizing the web
The best-known vision of Web5 today is that of Jack Dorsey, the creator of Twitter. His point of view can be summarized in a single sentence: democratize the Web. The intention of Web5, according to Dorsey, is to build a decentralized web that allows us to control our data and our identity at all times.
To achieve this, Web5 seeks to create tools that allow developers to focus on creating enjoyable user experiences, while returning ownership of data and identity to individuals. In this way, Web5 seeks to eliminate the centralization of personal data that exists on Web2 (the current Web we use) by transferring it to the user, but without the need for technologies such as blockchain to always be present in the equation.
In fact, the name of Web5 refers to Web2 + Web3, in clear allusion to the fact that Web5 will have development tools as easy as those we currently see in Web2, but at the same time, they will allow the decentralization of Web3, without having performance and scalability penalties for it. Quite a challenge that seems impossible to overcome, but that is already beginning to bear its first fruits. Dorsey’s team has been able to build the first tools to make this vision a reality, something that can be reviewed on the official development website.
Solid, a new vision of Web5
The other version of Web5 that is also struggling to gain a foothold is that of Tim Berners-Lee. This British computer scientist is known to everyone as the father of the World Wide Web. He made the HTTP protocol and what we know today as the Internet a reality. His work transformed and continues to transform our world. Now he wants to do the same again with Solid, a web decentralization project.
To achieve decentralization, Solid aims to change the way web applications currently work, with the user deciding where to store their data, thus improving privacy. Solid development is driven by Tim Berners-Lee through his company Inrupt and the Solid organization. Both entities are committed to building and making Solid feasible in the short term.
Advantages of Web5
Web5 offers several advantages over its predecessors:
Speed. Web5 is designed to be faster than any other version of the Web. It is optimized for speed, allowing users to access content quickly and efficiently, using more efficient protocols.
Security. Web5 is designed to be more secure than any other version of the Web. It uses advanced encryption techniques to protect user data and prevent unauthorized access.
Flexibility. Web5 is made to be more flexible than any other version of the Web. In this way, users can personalize their browsing experience to suit their needs and preferences.
Virtual reality integration. Web5 allows users to seamlessly integrate virtual reality into the Web, resulting in a more immersive online experience. Thus, users can explore virtual worlds, attend virtual events and interact with other people in a virtual environment.
Improved accessibility. Web5 is designed to be more accessible than any other version of the Web. It supports a wide range of devices and screen sizes, making it easy for users to access content on the Web.
Web5 is a revolutionary technology that promises to redefine the future of the Web. With its advanced features and applications, it is set to revolutionize the way we interact with the Internet. Especially, thanks to its ability to optimize content and liberalize it, thus becoming the epicenter of new technological innovations that will transform our digital lives.